Home News Reports The Road To New India : The Background

The Road To New India : The Background

Before I share with you our observations during our travel, I feel its important to share some basics for the benefit of the readers. In fact, this is how we started our background research and data collection. Our intent and attempt was to concentrate on the smallest of information.

Introduction to the demographic profile of the North East Region

- Advertisement - - Article resumes -

The pie-chart below details the geographical area of the North-Eastern region of India.

 

The following chart details the population distribution of the North-Eastern region.

Source: Here

If you observe on the left top the Macmahon line separates North East India from Tibet. This region is connected with the rest of India only through a narrow corridor in North Bengal, having an approximate width of 33 km on the eastern side and 21 km on the western side. This narrow corridor is popularly known as the “Siliguri neck” or the “Chicken’s neck”.

The North East Region shares border with Nepal, Bhutan and China in the north and Myanmar in the east and Bangladesh in the South West side of the region.

The North East Council

The North Eastern Council was formed by an Act of the Parliament of India. The intent behind this council was to have common and concentrated efforts with a single aim to ensure the development of the whole region. It consists of members from all 8 North East India states. Historically this large region and its people have suffered disturbances and low development of industries and jobs. Hence special efforts were needed to bring a dramatic change to the people. Due to the low level of industrial development, the overall progress was lagging. The region was unable to generate its own revenue for the time being to sustain developmental activities. Therefore North East Region (NER) has essentially depended on Central funding for development works. All the eight states in the NER are “Special Category States” whose Development Plans are centrally financed on the basis of 90% Grant and 10% Loan.

The land of interesting geography diversities was left at its own mercy despite the formation of such councils. All round and sustained efforts clearly lacked. I shall highlight how and why in the latter part of the series. Hardworking people, natural resources, tourism potential just remained potential and were never exploited.

There are special constitutional provisions governing this region. There are special provisions on fund allocation and use.

Non-Lapsable Central Pool of Resources:

In the year 1998 – 99 it was proposed that every Ministry should earmark a minimum of 10% of their budget for the North East region. It was decided that if the Ministry fails to utilize the funds then the amount will be transferred to a separate head called “Non-Lapsable Central Pool of Resources” and that ways the funds will remain earmarked for the North East region.

It is important to know how the projects are identified under Non-Lapsable Central Pool of Resources and then executed. The first step is that the specific states are asked to submit a priority list of projects with a short proposal or plan on each project. The focus area of the priority list is

  • Projects of economic infrastructure is given priority;
  • In the social sector, priority to drinking water supply and other health and sanitation projects;
  • Projects in Autonomous district Council (VIth Schedule of the Constitution) is given priority;
  • Past performance of a state in implementing projects in the particular sectors to which the projects belong is also considered;
  • The overall utilisation and absorption of funds by a particular state in the past years also guide the overall quantum of projects to be undertaken for that state in a year.

What all this ensured for us was that we had to radically redefine the way we approached our study and the expedition. We spent a considerable time in understanding the regional requirements, the various tribes, cultures, the governance models, funding allocation, aspirations of the local population and how the district councils, agencies, state governments interact with the Central government and so on and so forth.

The first article in this series detailed how this journey began. In my next article, I will be sharing our observation day wise along with snippets of videos and interviews that we conducted during the travel.

Share This Post With Your Friends & Fans:
We need your support to survive in the media industry. Please consider paying us for the content we produce:

To know more about these payments, please click here.


Election 2019 Live Updates

Track all the updates on one page as the results and trends trickle in

Shehla Rashid remembers 2014, says she had wanted Kejriwal as PM

Shehla Rashid loses it early on counting day, says “Felt like a Muslim when ‘mass murderer’ won in 2014”

As early trends show an NDA victory, Shehla Rashid calls him a mass murderer, says she had wanted Arvind Kejriwal as PM in 2014 and she had felt like a 'Muslim'.

Live updates: According to EC, BJP leading in 299 seats on their own, clocks victory in 2, taking their tally possibly to 301

Latest results, trends, updates, and news about 2019 Lok Sabha election counting. Find out who will form the next government.
NYT peddles Modi 2.0 as victory of India's most divisive leader

Dear New York Times, India has chosen Modi 2.0, deal with it

When India gives a thumping, unprecedented, overwhelming victory to a man who has made every single Indian feel proud of their nation and heritage, the NYT's heartburn is expected. 
Rana Ayyub had a meltdown seeing BJP securing an unprecedented victory

Unprecedented Modi victory triggers meltdown for controversial journalist Rana Ayyub

Prospect of a stunning Narendra Modi victory in 2019 Lok Sabha election triggered a mental collapse for controversial journalist Rana Ayyub

The Left has lost its deposit. It is time for the Right to fight Modi

Modi 2.0 heralds a new beginning for India and her people. It must not be allowed to cultivate the habits of Modi 1.0.

IIT graduate and an IAS officer explains in detail why EVMs can’t be ‘hacked’ or ‘tampered’ with

Bhavesh Mishra, IAS 2015 batch, B.Tech IIT Delhi, on Quora gave a detailed explanation regarding why EVMs cannot be 'hacked' or 'tampered' with.
Reactions of Liberals after NDA appearing to secure majority

‘Liberals’ have a meltdown as result day trends indicate a massive victory for PM Modi

Trends indicate that Prime Minister Narendra Modi will once again take an oath for the post of Prime Minister. This has not gone down well with the Liberal intelligentsia and they are losing their cool over this prospect

The story of BJP’s rise and rise in West Bengal: The story starts not in 2019 but 2017 Ram Navami

History may remember the 23rd of May, 2019 as the day when the future of Bengal Politics changed forever. However, it was on the 5th of April, 2017, on the auspicious day of Ram Navami that the seeds of it were sown.

Kanhaiya Kumar’s family uses LPG stove to prepare for his victory, contrary to his claims just a few weeks ago

Kanhaiya had claimed that his mother cooked on a Chullah and not on an LPG stove as it was not viable because of being too expensive and also exhausted within 3-4 days.

Barkha Dutt expresses deep anguish over the fact that the mainstream media can no longer influence elections

Barkha said it doesn't make her happy that mainstream media cannot influence the voters to vote in a particular way anymore.
Subscribe to Day's Top Stories

Latest articles

Connect with us

164,642FansLike
142,299FollowersFollow
64,498SubscribersSubscribe
Share This Post With Your Friends & Fans: