Home News Reports The Road To New India : The Background

The Road To New India : The Background

Before I share with you our observations during our travel, I feel its important to share some basics for the benefit of the readers. In fact, this is how we started our background research and data collection. Our intent and attempt was to concentrate on the smallest of information.

Introduction to the demographic profile of the North East Region

- Ad - - article resumes -

The pie-chart below details the geographical area of the North-Eastern region of India.

 

The following chart details the population distribution of the North-Eastern region.

Source: Here

If you observe on the left top the Macmahon line separates North East India from Tibet. This region is connected with the rest of India only through a narrow corridor in North Bengal, having an approximate width of 33 km on the eastern side and 21 km on the western side. This narrow corridor is popularly known as the “Siliguri neck” or the “Chicken’s neck”.

The North East Region shares border with Nepal, Bhutan and China in the north and Myanmar in the east and Bangladesh in the South West side of the region.

The North East Council

The North Eastern Council was formed by an Act of the Parliament of India. The intent behind this council was to have common and concentrated efforts with a single aim to ensure the development of the whole region. It consists of members from all 8 North East India states. Historically this large region and its people have suffered disturbances and low development of industries and jobs. Hence special efforts were needed to bring a dramatic change to the people. Due to the low level of industrial development, the overall progress was lagging. The region was unable to generate its own revenue for the time being to sustain developmental activities. Therefore North East Region (NER) has essentially depended on Central funding for development works. All the eight states in the NER are “Special Category States” whose Development Plans are centrally financed on the basis of 90% Grant and 10% Loan.

The land of interesting geography diversities was left at its own mercy despite the formation of such councils. All round and sustained efforts clearly lacked. I shall highlight how and why in the latter part of the series. Hardworking people, natural resources, tourism potential just remained potential and were never exploited.

There are special constitutional provisions governing this region. There are special provisions on fund allocation and use.

Non-Lapsable Central Pool of Resources:

In the year 1998 – 99 it was proposed that every Ministry should earmark a minimum of 10% of their budget for the North East region. It was decided that if the Ministry fails to utilize the funds then the amount will be transferred to a separate head called “Non-Lapsable Central Pool of Resources” and that ways the funds will remain earmarked for the North East region.

It is important to know how the projects are identified under Non-Lapsable Central Pool of Resources and then executed. The first step is that the specific states are asked to submit a priority list of projects with a short proposal or plan on each project. The focus area of the priority list is

  • Projects of economic infrastructure is given priority;
  • In the social sector, priority to drinking water supply and other health and sanitation projects;
  • Projects in Autonomous district Council (VIth Schedule of the Constitution) is given priority;
  • Past performance of a state in implementing projects in the particular sectors to which the projects belong is also considered;
  • The overall utilisation and absorption of funds by a particular state in the past years also guide the overall quantum of projects to be undertaken for that state in a year.

What all this ensured for us was that we had to radically redefine the way we approached our study and the expedition. We spent a considerable time in understanding the regional requirements, the various tribes, cultures, the governance models, funding allocation, aspirations of the local population and how the district councils, agencies, state governments interact with the Central government and so on and so forth.

The first article in this series detailed how this journey began. In my next article, I will be sharing our observation day wise along with snippets of videos and interviews that we conducted during the travel.

Help Opindia Reach Every Indian. Share This Post
We need your support to survive in the media industry. Please consider paying us for the content we produce:

To know more about these payments, please click here.


Big Story

The National Commission for Women (NCW) has taken cognisance of the complaint of sexual harassment that was made by one Himanshi Gupta against a senior producer of Kapil Sibal backed Tiranga TV.

2019 World Cup Is Here!

Catch the latest on Cricket World Cup as it unfolds, special coverage by Opindia

Proud to be a brand - Made in India?
Now, Advertise on Opindia

Mangalore: Mohammad Ansari rapes a cow by tying its limbs, villagers catch him in the act, arrested

The villagers also made Ansari touch cow’s feet and ask for forgiveness for raping her. However, when Ansari approached the calf, the animal freaked out and started running.

Mangaluru villagers caught Mohammad Ansari raping a calf, police arrests villagers for ‘hurting religious beliefs’

In the Kunjathbail village in Mangaluru, Mohammad Ansari was caught red-handed by the villagers while he was raping a calf.

Here are 15 famous quotes from Harsha Bhogle during his commentary stint

The famous Indian commentator, Harsha Bhogle, born on July 19 in Hyderabad is celebrating his 58th birthday today.

Abusive actor Ajaz Khan arrested by Mumbai Police for instigating violence through social media

Mumbai Police arrests small-time actor Ajaz Khan after he mocked the police on TikTok

Revisiting Sainbari, a blot on Indian Democracy: When Communists made a mother eat rice with her dead sons’ blood

The Sainbari incident remains the most horrific instance of political violence in the country.
Couple forced out of village; husband pressurised to accept wife’s religion

Hindu boy’s family forced out of village for marrying Muslim girl, police advices boy to convert as villagers threaten to kill

Newlywed Hindu boy and Muslim girl approach SSP for protection as villagers threaten to kill them and local police ask the boy to convert
Salma Ansari's temple plan receives AMU's objection

AMU administration’s jolt to Mrs Ansari’s secularism pitch, says no to temple plan inside ‘Chacha Nehru Madarsa’

Salma Ansari, the wife of former vice president Hamid Ansari, had announced recently that she will have a temple built inside the 'Chacha Nehru Madarsa' that she runs in AMU campus.
Shashi Tharoor supports Sanjiv Bhatt

Congress leader Shashi Tharoor extends support to disgraced cop Sanjiv Bhatt sentenced to life in custodial death case

Shashi Tharoor had tweeted today that he had met with the family of disgraced cop Sanjiv Bhatt

Live updates Karnataka Trust Vote: House adjourned, floor test now expected on Monday

JDS-Congress government of Karnataka is facing their second floor test after assembly elections were held in May last year.
United Muslim Forum in Telangana asks members not to kill cows on Bakr Eid

United Muslim Forum asks Muslims not to kill cows on Bakr-Eid, asks state government to stop Gau Rakshaks

The United Muslim Forum reportedly said that the Muslim community must refrain from killing bovine animals on Bakr-Eid so the possibilities of mischief are reduced.
Subscribe to Day's Top Stories
- Advertisment -

Latest articles

Connect with us

173,678FansLike
159,240FollowersFollow
74,860SubscribersSubscribe
Help Opindia Reach Every Indian. Share This Post