How Buniyaad reeling machines are helping tribal women involved in silk production

Ministry of External Affairs has promised to extend support to help promote silk in global market.

Union Minister for Textiles Smriti Irani and Minister of External Affairs Sushma Swaraj on Saturday distributed the BuniyaadTasar Silk Reeling Machines. The Buniyaad reeling machines aim to eradicate unhygienic traditional methods used by tribal women of the country in silk production, and also to increase thier household income.

India produces 32,000 metric tonnes of silk per year. Mulberry silk, Tasar silk, Muga silk, and Eri silk are the main types of silk produced in India. Mulberry contributes almost 80% of total silk production.

Tussar or Tassar silk, unlike mulberry, is extracted from silkworms feeding on local trees like Sal, Arjun and Saja. Major Tassar silk production states in India are Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Jharkhand, Orissa etc. It is a major source of income for the tribal women living in these states. Indian produces 2,080 metric tonnes of Tassar silk per year, which is almost 6.5% of total silk production.

- Advertisement - - Article resumes -

Tassar silk reeling is a process in which filament from cocoons is unwinded. Traditionally, the yarn reeling is done by traditional methods like Thigh Reeling. In this, the person reeling has to sit cross-legged on the floor, draw 5 to 6 filaments on their thigh from cocoons cooked with alkaline material like sodium carbonate, and then false-twist it. During this, some amount of ash powder, oil and starch are also used. Then the composite fibre is wound upon a bamboo appliance called Natwa.

Through this process, on average, tribal women produce 70 grams of 70 denier yarn. Around 500 thousand metric tonnes of Tassar silk is produced through Thigh Reeling. The process is not only injurious to tribal women, but it also produces yarn which is weak and lacking in strength. Women using thigh reeling methods only earn up to Rs 125 per day.

To help women get rid of the thigh reeling technique, Central Silk Technological Research Institute in association with an entrepreneur from Champa in Chhattisgarh has produced a machine which not only can help tribal women raise their income, but also avoid the hazard associated with the occupation. A woman through Buniyaad Reeling Machine can produce 200 gms of silk yarn per day, increasing her income to up to Rs 350 per day. The machine can be powered by electricity or by movement feet, as per wishes of the maker.

Textiles Minister Smriti Irani expressed hope that thigh reeling technique’s replacement with machine based reeling will happen this year only, instead of 2020. A mobile application e-cocoon was also launched at the event, which will help in quality certification in the silkworm sector. Minister of External Affairs, Sushma Swaraj, too, promised to extend support in providing support for promoting silk in global markets.


Share This Post and Support:
We need your support to survive in the media industry. Please consider paying us for the content we produce:

To know more about these payments, please click here.


Most read articles recently

Dear Gujarat Samachar editor, how do you live with yourself?

Gujarati daily's insensitive headline over Pulwama attack has got readers upset

Pakistan funded Islamic terrorist blows up 300 kgs of IED, actor brings ‘Hindu right wing’ argument to shield Pakistan

Jaaved Jaaferi refuses to hold Pakistan accountable for the attack, instead equates Hindus with Jaish Terrorists.

Delhi’s education minister deletes tweet after being educated about electricity supply to Pakistan by Adani

Sisodia, without apologising or issuing a clarification, chose to quietly delete the tweet after being called out

NDTV suspends Deputy News Editor for celebrating Pulwama terror attack, may take further action

NDTV Deputy News Editor Nidhi Sethi suspended by the channel for her Facebook comment celebrating the Pulwama attack
Congress mouthpiece National Herald whitewashes Pulwama terrorist Adil Ahmed Dar

More stories about terrorist and his family than martyrs – what does it tell about the media?

The English language Indian media has focused more on ‘human stories’ about the terrorist than about the Pulwama martyrs.

JNU ‘student’ who was accused of stealing funds in Kathua case found spreading rumours about Kashmiri girls trapped in Uttarakhand

CRPF also issued a notice that certain 'miscreants' on social media are spreading rumours and hate on social media

Pulwama attack: Foreseeing strong and fast reaction from India, Pakistan relocates its terrorists nearer to Pak army camps

As per the report, Pakistan has not even vacated the winter posts along the LoC which it usually does.

Pulwama attack: Justice doesn’t give a tiny rat’s furry posterior about the sensibility of elites who go where the money takes them

Pulwama attack victims' mortal remains weren't even cold yet. The candles lit by the nation has not even been blown out by a sorrowful sigh of the nation, that the vultures started circling the remains
Rahul Gandhi

BJP government got soldiers killed for electoral gains: Gujarat Congress leader’s controversial remark

Congress leaders and supporters have been trying to float the theory that the Pulwama attack was an inside job

Congress supporting abusive troll claims Pulwama was an inside job by India

Sanjukta Basu is a very vocal Modi-hater and a bigot masquerading as a liberal feminist.

Latest articles

Connect with us

137,023FansLike
109,853FollowersFollow
22,959SubscribersSubscribe

Don't miss these