Saturday, April 17, 2021
Home News Reports With M-STRiPES app, India's Tiger census goes digital to eliminate manual error

With M-STRiPES app, India’s Tiger census goes digital to eliminate manual error

India’s Tiger Census is widely regarded as the World’s largest wildlife survey. Started in 2006, it had given an estimate of 1411 tigers left in the country. Widespread awareness programmes, efforts by the governments and relentless work of forest officials have helped the population of India’s national animal increase by noticeable numbers.

The 2010 Tiger census recorded 1706 tigers in the country. 2014 census data showed the population at 2226.

The 2018 tiger census has already begun. This time the Ministry of the environment and National Tiger Conservation Authority are leaving nothing to chances and human error. The 2018 census, the results of which will be finalised in 2019, will be the biggest, widest and most organised survey so far.

As compared to the 2014 census, which saw 9,700 camera traps, the 2018 census will involve around 15,000 camera traps. 400,000 square metres of forest area will be scanned, involving more than a year’s efforts of over 40,000 forest guards and independent biologists providing assistance. It involves 18 states of India. The costs for the exercise has been estimated at 10.22 crores. The northeastern states, which had not seen proper coverage in the past are to scanned vigorously this time.

Tiger census is usually done in two phases. In the first phase, forest officials collect raw data on the basis of pugmarks, pellets and sightings. The second phase involves biologists and camera traps. After that data from the two phases are correlated in a customised software and the final estimate is calculated on the basis of individual stripes.

Under the Modi government’s push for Digital India, this census will see forest officials using an indigenously developed Android App M-STRiPES (monitoring system for tigers-intensive protection and ecological status) developed by the Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun. The use of the mobile app minimises and in most cases eliminates human error. In earlier surveys, the forest official used paper formats to record parameters and data which lead to errors and confusion.

The M-STRiPES app automatically records the track log of surveys and routes taken by forest officials in collecting the first sample. It is provided to the forest staff free and makes data recording easier and highly efficient.When biologists are involved in the phase 2 sampling, the app automatically records data on animal sightings with geotagged photographs. It increases the intensity, coverage and accuracy of sampling phenomenally higher.

Y V Jhala, a scientist from the Wildlife Institute of India has stated that the officials will be able to improve the accuracy of the exercise with this digitisation. A new area that would be covered would be Northeast. So far, in the previous three surveys, it has been poorly sampled.

There have been other large-scale wildlife surveys in the world. The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority had in 2016 carried out a vast aerial offshore survey on the coast near New York state. But the estimated area scanned was only 43,000 square kilometres.

The Royal Society For Promotion of Birds (RSPB) in the UK organises an annual wildlife survey called the Big Garden Birdwatch, which involves volunteers and photographers. But this vast event is not entirely digitalised and the area it spans is not even a fraction of the area that India’s Tiger census has to cover.

With vast resources and dedicated, trained officials working for over a year, the 2018 tiger census is expected to give accurate and detailed results of tiger population in the country. Government is hopeful that we will see a significant rise in the number of the majestic beasts roaming in our forests.

  Support Us  

Whether NDTV or 'The Wire', they never have to worry about funds. In name of saving democracy, they get money from various sources. We need your support to fight them. Please contribute whatever you can afford

Sanghamitra
reader, writer, dreamer, no one

Related Articles

Trending now

TMC’s Derek O’Brien opposes EC’s Covid campaign restrictions, says new rules very suitable to ‘Lutyens bungalow’ residents

TMC leader Derek O'Brien criticized the Election Commission's new Covid restrictions in a press conference today.

EC extends election campaign ban before polls in West Bengal to 72 hours, no campaigning allowed after 7 PM

In view of the worsening Covid-19 crisis in the country, the Election Commission has extended restrictions on campaigning for polls

BLM co-founder attempts to defend herself from criticism over buying property worth over million dollars, netizens point out Marxist hypocrisy

BLM co-founder Patrisse Khan-Cullors has been heavily criticised recently for buying a series of properties worth millions

Shekhar Gupta’s ThePrint accuses the centre of issuing diktats to states on COVID-19, which is far from the truth

ThePrint ignores that apart from the initial nationwide lockdown, centre has given every flexibility to states on the ward against COVID-19

Rally of dead bodies, threats against CRPF, lying and scaring with ‘detention camps’ so people don’t vote: What viral audio of Mamata Banerjee means

Mamata Banerjee was heard telling TMC worker Partha Pratim Roy to organise a political rally with the dead bodies to stir public sympathy

US intelligence backtracks on Russian bounty claims, here is how media ran unfounded stories to damage Trump’s re-election bid

A June 2020 article in NYT had claimed that Russia is offering money to Taliban-linked terrorists to kill US soldiers, a claim that has now been discredited.

Recently Popular

Aaj Tak to air public apology on 23rd April for sharing fake news on Sushant Singh Rajput, pay Rs 1 lac fine: Details

Aaj Tak has been asked by the NBSA (News Broadcasting Standard Authority) to air a public apology for fake news on Sushant Singh Rajput

Karan Johar’s Dharma Production fires Kartik Aryan, not to work with him again: Here is what happened

Dharma Productions said it was pushed to the wall by “unprofessional behaviour” of Kartik Aryan during shooting of Dostana 2

Andhra Pradesh man hacks family of six including two children to avenge the rape of his daughter: Details

Andhra Pradesh police confirmed that the incident was a fall out of a old feud between the accused and the victim family

Pakistan on the verge of civil war as it bans TLP for violent protests over the arrest of its leader and Muhammad cartoons in...

Pakistan Government has taken the decision to ban Tehreek-i-Labbaik Pakistan (TLP) for their violent protests in the country

TMC’s Mahua Moitra claims wishing Hindus on Hindu new year is ‘radicalisation’

While Moitra wanted to paint everyone who was celebrating the Hindu new year as 'radical', the hate for Hindus was actually more evident in her tweet.

Missionaries converted over 1 lakh people amidst the pandemic, claims to have planted more churches than all the 25 years of their work in...

Missionaries claim they used the distress faced by poor people during the lockdown to convert them to Christianity and build more churches
- Advertisement -

 

Connect with us

254,077FansLike
529,591FollowersFollow
24,200SubscribersSubscribe