A quick guide to understand the Land Acquisition Ordinance issue

Anna Hazare is back to Delhi and Arvind Kejriwal is also back to dharna. This time, the issue is the Land Acquisition Ordinance, which is being termed as “anti-farmer” by the opposition parties.

OpIndia.com brings to you some primers that will help you understand the entire debate. This is broadly based on this article by author and journalist Anand Ranganathan and some infographics tweeted by BJP’s official Twitter handle.

First, a bit of history. Land acquisition law in India was never “pro farmer” to being with. We had been following a 1894 Act, which allowed for forced land acquisitions and low rates of compensation for farmers. To the credit of the UPA-II government, they brought a new Act in 2013, but Congress can’t take a high moral ground as all their “pro-poor” governments ignored the need for over 60 years.

- Advertisement - - Article resumes -

Now the Modi government, or rather the NDA government, has made some changes to the UPA’s Act through an ordinance. These changes are being called anti-farmer and pro-industry by critics.

Following are the three major “controversial” changes, and BJP’s defense of those:

1. UPA Act allowed acquisition of land for infrastructure projects excluding private hospitals, private educational institutions and private hotels. The NDA Act now includes private hospitals and private educational institutions. Critics say this is favoring private players.

  • BJP claims that private hospitals and private educational institutes will only help the local residents and these can be allowed as these are regulated sectors and allow only not-for-profit entities.

2. The mandatory prior consent of 80% (for private projects) or 70% (for PPP projects) has been done away with for projects relating to national security or defense, rural infrastructure including electrification, affordable housing, industrial corridors, social infrastructure, and PPP projects where government holds the land. Furthermore, all these projects can be provided irrigable, multi-cropped land without doing a social impact assessment or consultation with local panchayats or municipal corporations. This is the most controversial aspect and attracting protests.

  • BJP claims that these sectors are crucial for the country as well as local development and the consent part has been done away to expedite only a few projects like national highways, railways including metro projects, atomic energy projects, etc. The party and the government point out that the consent requirement remains present in bulk of the projects and so do the requirements for consultations. Apart from that, the part points out that the farmers are getting compensation running up to 4 times the market price, so it can’t be called draconian or unfair.

3. The UPA Act provisioned that the land will go back to the original owners if it is not utilized for 5 years. The NDA Act now removes the 5 year period and replaces it with “a period specified for setting up of any project or for five years, whichever is later.” Critics say that this gives an excuse of land grabbing as one may set the project setting up period as something as long as 20 years and keep the land unutilized, thus squatting on a real estate property.

  • BJP argues that all huge projects require a gestation period. They cite example of nuclear power plants, low cost housing projects, or railways projects, where time required from initial survey and assessment to actual project implementation can take up a lot of time. However, the party may do good to classify various projects that may be allowed to set a longer gestation period as they had done in the case of doing away with prior consent.

Apart from these, these are political bickering over the ordinance, accusing it of being an example of unilateral decision making by the Modi government, which BJP denies by arguing that these changes were incorporated after consulting with all UTs and state governments, which found the UPA act hindering development projects.

It is to be seen if the Modi government agrees to change any of their modifications to the UPA Act or they stick to what they have proposed.


Share This Post and Support:
We need your support to survive in the media industry. Please consider paying us for the content we produce:

To know more about these payments, please click here.


Most read articles recently

NC Lok Sabha candidate Akbar Lone begins a rally with ‘Pakistan Zindabad’, says will abuse anyone who abuses Pakistan

Akbar Lone, NC Lok Sabha candidate for Baramulla, said that the country across is a Muslim country and abusing Pakistan would mean he is abusing himself

Actor R Madhavan offers support to PM Modi to urge voters to cast votes in elections, gets trolled by ‘liberals’

Because of their sheer bitterness for Modi, these cynics are in no mood to spare anyone who comes out in support of Modi
Malala has maintained a conspicuous silence over atrocities on Hindu girls in her country

Nobel Peace Prize winner Malala’s silence on abduction and forceful conversion of two Hindu girls is deafening

Malala, who often preaches the world about feminist adventures and jumps in to display her intellect over human rights issues especially against women across the world seems to have not found her voice to condemn the bigotry of Pakistanis as she could face severe backlash within her own country.

Where is the money? Rahul Gandhi’s promise is going to cost a whopping Rs 3.60 lakh crore a year, 13% of union budget

Minimum Income Guarantee Scheme of Congress party ensures monthly income of Rs 12,000 for 20% of India's population
Owner of AAP propaganda blog agitated when Sushma Swaraj stands up for two underage Hindu girls

AAP propaganda site owner gets angry after India expresses concerns over atrocities against Hindus in Pakistan

Sushma Swaraj's move to seek details of the Incident had agitated quite a few people in Pakistan, including their Information and Broadcasting minister Ch Fawad Hussain, who saw it as an intervention in Pakistan's internal matters.

Uttar Pradesh: Congress leader Rashid Alvi withdraws candidature from Amroha because ‘he did not want to lose’

According to some reports Rashid Alvi was reluctant to contest from the Amroha seat against the strong candidates of the BJP and the BSP.

After ‘Modi removed your name from voter list’, AAP allegedly calls up people pretending to be radio channel

'Who will you vote for?' People speculate if Aam Aadmi Party call centre is up to new trick again
Chandrababu Naidu govt accused of misusing temple funds, allocates Rs 5 crores for mosque repairs and Iftaar parties

Chandrababu Naidu calls PM Modi a ‘demon’, JDS MLA wants to ‘crush jaws’ of Modi supporters: Politics in India reaches a new low

Crush the jaws of those who come and shout 'Modi, Modi': JDS MLA Shivaling Gowda said while addressing a public gathering
Pakistani Hindus plight

Why can’t Pakistani Hindus go to Europe or America as refugees if Syrians and Rohingyas can?

Countries like Canada and Sweden welcome refugees who are persecuted, but why do Pakistan Hindus fail to get this helping hand?

Latest articles

Connect with us

149,152FansLike
120,737FollowersFollow
31,509SubscribersSubscribe

Don't miss these


Share This Post and Support: