Monday, June 21, 2021
Home Government and Policy MGNREGS payments reach record-high levels this year as Rural Development ministry works on top-gear...

MGNREGS payments reach record-high levels this year as Rural Development ministry works on top-gear to ensure employment

During the Covid-19 pandemic, the lockdown, loss of employment, migration of workers back to native states, and other factors created a surge in employment demand under the MGNREGS. A total of 14.65 crore job cards were issued in the current financial year, out of which 14.06 crore workers are still active.

The covid-19 pandemic has shown we, as a country, need a lot to improve. For any government, caring for the people of the country is the first job. The poor and needy must be at the top of the priority list to ensure they have enough to survive a situation like Covid-19. In the last few months, migrant workers took a significant hit due to the lockdown, followed by a substantial dip in the economy. However, the Government pulled up the sleeves at the right time and announced several packages to ensure relief for these workers.

As per reports, only 10% of the allocated funds for the Rural Development ministry under the MGNREGS scheme remain, with 4 months to go for the end of the current financial year.

Record high fund allocation and wage payments

When the workers moved back to their native places, the first thing that they needed was work. This is where MGNREGS came into action. The union government has allocated approximately Rs.85,000 crore for employment under the scheme, out of which Rs.77,000 crores have already been spent. Over Rs.55,000 crore were paid in the form of wages while the rest of the funds went to other costs, including material and skilled wages (over Rs.19,000 crore), administration costs (over Rs.2,400 crore), and so on. As per the reports generated by the Ministry of Rural Development of the Government of India, 98.15% of payments were made within 15 days which is much better compared to the previous years.

As per stats provided by Ministry of Rural Development

Guaranteed employment under MGNREGA

Passed in 2005, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) mandates the provision of at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. The main objectives of the Act include a minimum of 100 days of unskilled manual work as guaranteed employment in a financial year, ensuring social including, strengthening the livelihood of poor and strengthening Panchayati Raj institutions. The Act helps in rejuvenating the natural resource base of rural areas and creates a durable and productive rural asset base.

The surge in employment demand under MGNREGA during Covid-19 pandemic

During the Covid-19 pandemic, the lockdown, loss of employment, migration of workers back to native states, and other factors created a surge in employment demand under the MGNREGS. A total of 14.65 crore job cards were issued in the current financial year, out of which 14.06 crore workers are still active. 19.05% are among active workers from SC communities and 15.79% active workers from ST communities.

Out of 14.06 crore active workers, 19.05% are SC and 15.79% are ST (Data by Ministry of Rural Development)

Surge in person-days generated compared to previous years

As per the ministry’s data, so far, 277 crore person-days have been generated under the scheme compared to 265.62 crore person-days in the last financial year. Since 2016-17, this financial year has generated the most person-days with over three months to go. There are some sections where this year lacked as well. In the financial year 2020-21, the percentage of women person-days created went down by approx 2% compared to the previous year.

Persondays generated this year has surpassed previous years’ numbers with 3 months to go. (Data by Ministry of Rural Development)

There has been a sharp decline in the total number of households that have completed 100 days of wage employment. In this yes, over 20,97,000 households have completed the target compared to over 40 lakh households in the previous year and 52 lakh households in the year before. However, the inclusion of differently-abled persons was much better this year, with over 5,30,000 workers included compared to over 4,63,000 last year. According to a non-government group of NGOs named People Action for Employment Guarantee’s NREGA tracker, states like Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh have to dip into their own funds to ensure timely payments to the workers. The lowest number of households getting 100 days of employment was lowest in Tamil Nadu and Jharkhand.

Areas where the stats show decline compared to previous years (Data by Ministry of Rural Development)

Hindustan Times quoted Jharkhand’s rural development secretary Aradhana Patnaik as saying, “We have been stagnating at around 70 million person-days for the past three years. But, we have achieved 77.7 million person-days against the target of 80 million.”

More funds will be allocated when required

One of the major concerns that these stats depict is the lack of funds under MGNREGA for over three months left in the financial year. The Government has ensured that more funds will be allocated for the scheme whenever required, and the states will get their share on time. As of now, around 9.4% of funds are available out of the allocated funds. The demand for employment under the scheme is decreasing slowly as the workers are returning to the cities.

However, the government aims to provide them with employment at their native places to ensure they do not have to migrate for work. There are several schemes, such as Gareeb Kalyal Rojgar Abhiyan, under which the state and union government is generating jobs for unskilled and skilled workers. Under these schemes, the government is also providing training to the workers to upscale their income in the coming months.

  Support Us  

Whether NDTV or 'The Wire', they never have to worry about funds. In name of saving democracy, they get money from various sources. We need your support to fight them. Please contribute whatever you can afford

OpIndia Staffhttps://www.opindia.com
Staff reporter at OpIndia

Related Articles

Trending now

George Soros-funded University awards former Kerala health Minister KK Shailaja for her ‘commitment to public health service’

Former Kerala Minister KK Shailaja, who was dropped from cabinet after lelection, awarded by George Soros-funded University

Gujarat: Cow smugglers kill VHP Gaurakshak Hardik Kansara, nephew of district BJP president, 10 arrested

Ten individuals have been arrested in Gujarat on accusations of murdering Gaurakshak Hardik Kansara in Valsad district.

Coronavirus: Liberal privilege that sank Kerala. Here is what went wrong

The media will choose to wait strategically till it reaches Gujarat, for more effect. And the third wave begins “officially” when the spread reaches Uttar Pradesh. And then, it will all be the fault of “Gaumutra.”

Taliban rule: When Hindus in Afghanistan were forced to carry yellow badges like Jews in Nazi Germany

In a bid to undo years of suffering and persecution, the Indian government had issued long-term visas to 700 Hindus and Sikhs from Afghanistan in July last year.

On World Refugee Day, read how Germany, Sweden, and India bore the brunt of incoming refugees

While the United Nations has been advocating the inclusion of refugees, the question remains whether the incoming migrants are willing to assimilate with the culture of the host nation.

Twitter rewards an Islamist org, set to be banned by India, with a verified blue tick: Here is what PFI has done in the...

It is worth mentioning that the radical Islamic organisation Popular Front of India has been accused of involving in perpetrating terrorist attacks in India and carrying large scale communal riots in different parts of the country.

Recently Popular

Republic TV issues statement over Arnab Goswami’s disappearance from the news network: Here is what they said

Arnab Goswami was last seen on May 2 during a discussion on West Bengal assembly polls. He will make a return on Monday.

OBC benefits for Muslims: How WB Police’s recruitment drive has exposed how parties found a way to make religious reservations

The drive was meant to fill vacancies in the OBC-A category in the state. The list showed that apart from one or two individuals, all of them were Muslims.

Who is Vishal Jood? An Indian national arrested for taking on Khalistani extremists in Australia

Vishal Jood, the 24 yar old from Haryana, has been languishing in a jail in the down in the country for two months now.

Kerala madarsa teacher preaches “kill the ones who leave Islam” while taking online lecture for class 12 students

Kerala madarsa teacher caught encouraging class 12 students to take to violence against those who quits Islam as religion.

TISS research paper calls Kashmir ‘India occupied’, blames Indian Army for domestic violence in Kashmiri society

A dissertation paper by a student at TISS-Hyderabad has come under the scanner for calling Kashmir "India occupied Kashmir".
- Advertisement -

 

Connect with us

255,564FansLike
554,915FollowersFollow
24,400SubscribersSubscribe