In a historic judgement ending a dispute spanning centuries, the Supreme Court of India handed over the disputed Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri masjid land to the Hindu parties, making way for Hindu devotees to have a grand Ram Mandir at the birthplace of Lord Ram. The Apex court also ordered the union government to provide 5 acres of land at an alternate site at a prominent location in Ayodhya to the Sunni Waqf Board to rebuild the Babri Masjid which was demolished in 1992.
The 5-judge bench of the supreme court delivered a unanimous judgement in the Ram Janmabhoomi case. The top 5 senior judges came to the decision after weighing the arguments presented by all sides for 40 days. CJI Ranjan Gogoi said that the bench is the final arbitrator in the matter and he said that the court is not obligated to give a religious rationale while deciding the case.
The 5-judge bench said that the Central Govt should within 3 months formulate a scheme envisaging setting up of Trust to built the Ram Mandir. Possession of inner and outer courtyards to be handed over to the Trust.
Delivering the much-anticipated verdict, CJI Ranjan Gogoi said that this court must accept faith and belief of worshippers. CJI Ranjan Gogoi started the pronouncement by saying that this Court set up under Constitutional scheme should defer from interfering with faith and belief of worshippers and that secularism basic feature of the Constitution.
The Supreme Court dismissed Suit 3 filed by Nirmohi Akhara. CJI said that this suit is governed by Article 120 of Limitation Act and is barred by limitation, Supreme Court. SC said that the Nirmohi Akhada has not been able to prove that they had Shabait rights and that the ASI data cannot be disproved.
Further, the Supreme Court said that
The Supreme Court said that there is adequate material in ASI report to conclude the following – Babri Masjid not constructed on vacant land. There was a structure underlying the disputed structure. The underlying structure was not an Islamic structure, Supreme Court.