Tuesday, October 27, 2020
Home News Reports Mizoram: NGOs oppose political parties fielding Chakma candidates. Read about the age old conflict

Mizoram: NGOs oppose political parties fielding Chakma candidates. Read about the age old conflict

The Chakma-Mizo conflict is not a recent phenomenon. In 1972, the Chakma Autonomous District Council (CADC) was created under the sixth schedule of the Indian Constitution which created simmering resentment among the Mizo community.

The Congress party has fielded two Chakma candidates in Mizoram for the upcoming Assembly elections going against a directive by NGOs demanding that political parties not field Chakma candidates. Opposition parties Mizoram National Front and the BJP are expected to field Chakma candidates as well.

An umbrella body of civil society organizations, the NGO Coordination Committee of Mizos, including the Young Mizo Association (YMA), Mizoram Upa Pawl (MUP) or Mizoram Elders’ Association, Mizo Hmeichhia Insuihkhawm Pawl (MHIP) or Mizo Women Federation, Mizo Zirlai Pawl (MZP) and Mizo Students’ Union (MSU) had issued the diktat citing that “Chakmas are Bangladeshi foreigners” and therefore, have no right to contest elections.

The Chakma-Mizo conflict is not a recent phenomenon. In 1972, the Chakma Autonomous District Council (CADC) was created under the sixth schedule of the Indian Constitution which created simmering resentment among the Mizo community. After the signing of the Mizoram accord of 1986, leader of the Mizo National Front (MNF), Laldenga, had demanded that the CADC be dissolved but his demand was rejected. Then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi had even said during a rally in Aizawl, “if the Mizos expect justice from India as a small minority, they must safeguard the interest of their own minorities like the Chakmas”.

The core aspect of the inter-tribal conflict is the issue of the nativity. The Mizos claim that only their community is indigenous to the state of Mizoram which is contested by the Chakmas by their own version of the matter. The matter is further escalated by the fact that there are certain regions in adjoining areas of Bangladesh that the Chakmas have been inhabiting for long. The Mizos allege that the Chakmas are infiltrating the country through illegal immigration.

The issue of nativity has direct consequences for the inhabitants of the state. For instance, last year in 2017, four students were denied seats after intervention by the state government despite being selected to pursue bachelors’ degrees in medicine and surgery in Indian colleges due to the fact that they were Chakmas.

The intervention came after the Mizo Zirlai Pawl (Mizo Students’ Association, or MZP) threatened to launch a statewide indefinite bandh if medical seats were allotted to anyone but Mizo students. Buddha Dhan Chakma, the only Chakma minister in the state cabinet, had submitted his resignation citing discrimination towards members from his community.

In 2016, a primary school was torched and a house was vandalised at Tuichawng Chhuah village in Mizoram’s Lunglei district, a village that is dominated by Chakmas. The Chakmas had alleged that they were being harassed and attempts were being made to evict them since the month of November, the previous year.

During the 1990s, it is reported that the names of hundreds and thousands of Chakmas were removed from the electoral list on the basis of complaints filed by a few individuals. The same civil society organizations are said to be responsible for the removal of Chakmas from the electoral list. In 1992, 380 Chakma houses were burnt by organized mobs.

Organizations have frequently demanded the expulsion of Chakmas who entered Mizoram after 1950. Earlier in October as well, the YMA demanded that the CDAC be scrapped claiming it is a safe haven for Bangladeshi infiltrators.

Victims of Mizo aggression aren’t Chakmas alone. Over 30,000 Bru tribals were forced to flee the state in 1997 as a consequence of ethnic clashes following the murder of a forest official by Bru National Liberation Front (BNLF). The BNLF was demanding an autonomous council for Bru tribals after Mizo organizations demanded that Brus be removed from electoral rolls claiming that they were not indigenous to the state. Repatriation of the Brus began only in July this year and thus far, only a couple of dozen families or so have returned to Mizoram.

  Support Us  

Whether NDTV or 'The Wire', they never have to worry about funds. In name of saving democracy, they get money from various sources. We need your support to fight them. Please contribute whatever you can afford

K Bhattacharjee
Black Coffee Enthusiast. Post Graduate in Psychology. Bengali.

Related Articles

Trending now

This time for Dussehra, feminists turn Laxman Rekha into a symbol of ‘patriarchy’: Here is why they are batshit crazy

The occasion is Dussehra and along expected lines, feminists are out in numbers in their attempt to prove that Ramayana, the tale of Maryada Purushottam Rama, reeks of misogyny.

‘What Mumbai Police is doing is wrong,’ I&B Minister Prakash Javadekar speaks up on the hounding of Republic TV and Arnab Goswami exclusively to...

Prakash Javadekar gave an interview to OpIndia Hindi Editor, Ajeet Bharti, where he answered questions on a host of issues.

How Indian ‘liberals’ decided to embrace Hindutva!

At his traditional Vijaya Dashami rally in Mumbai yesterday, Maharashtra CM Uddhav Thackeray put it clearly. One must take lessons in Hindutva from RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat.

Dainik Bhaskar uses NITian Anita Bharti’s image in an article about actress Preetika Chauhan’s arrest by NCB in drug case

Anita Bhati is a student of NIT Patna, who had recently started an online portal of 'TuOn', providing free coaching to students from 7th to 12th grade and those preparing for competitive exams

Editors Guild issues a shameful statement tacitly condoning witch-hunt against Republic TV and Arnab Goswami by Mumbai Police: Details

After almost two weeks of the witch-hunt launched by Mumbai Police against Republic TV and Arnab Goswami, the Editors Guild has finally issued a statement

The Ritika Jindal Syndrome: The desecration of the Temple in Himachal Pradesh shows the urgent necessity of reform in public administration

Ritika Jindal received huge praises for breaking an "age old parochial tradition". She also "taught lessons of equality to priests" apparently.

Recently Popular

Editors Guild issues a shameful statement tacitly condoning witch-hunt against Republic TV and Arnab Goswami by Mumbai Police: Details

After almost two weeks of the witch-hunt launched by Mumbai Police against Republic TV and Arnab Goswami, the Editors Guild has finally issued a statement

Kerala: Photographer Dia John depicts Hindu deity as smoking weed, deletes picture after outrage

Kochi-based Mukkootil Bhagavathy temple had filed a complaint against Dia John for hurting Hindu religious sentiments

‘He supplies drugs and girls’: Estranged wife of Mahesh Bhatt’s nephew Luviena Lodh alleges harassment by nephew-uncle duo

Luviena Lodh said that Mahesh Bhatt is the don of the industry, and he controls everything that goes on in the film industry

After Turkey President Erdogan says Macron ‘needs treatment’ over attitude to Muslims, Pakistanis trend #boycottfranceproducts on Twitter

Pakistani bots putting their weight behind Turkey president Erdogan's call of 'giving treatment' to French President Macron.

Maharashtra Police arrests Twitter user Sameet Thakkar over ‘Baby Penguin’ remark against Aaditya Thackeray

Twitter user Sameet Thakkar from Nagpur has been arrested for posting derogatory tweets against the Thackerays.
- Advertisement -

YouTuber Lakshay Chaudhary levels serious allegations of fraud against Gaurav Wasan of Swad Official whose video on ‘Baba ka Dhaba’ had gone viral

Gaurav Wasan of Swad Official had uploaded a video about the financial difficulties faced by the elderly couple of 'Baba ka Dhaba'.

Pakistan: Foreign Office summons French ambassador over Charlie Hebdo cartoons

Foreign Office, Pakistan summoned the French envoy for the public display of Charlie Hebdo cartoons in French govt buildings.

Rajasthan: Dalit salesman burnt alive by liquor contractors after pouring petrol for demanding five months due salary

The victim used to work at a liquor shop and had not been paid salary for five months. His charred body was found inside a deep freezer in the gutted liquor shop.

Sameet Thakkar sent to police custody by Nagpur court till October 30, was arrested for making ‘Baby Penguin’ remark against Aaditya Thackeray

Two FIRs were registered against Sameet Thakkar for allegedly making objectionable remarks against Uddhav Thackeray and son.

BJP emerges victorious in Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council elections, wins 15 out of 26 seats

The BJP has won 15 of the 26 elected seats in the Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council (LAHDC).

This time for Dussehra, feminists turn Laxman Rekha into a symbol of ‘patriarchy’: Here is why they are batshit crazy

The occasion is Dussehra and along expected lines, feminists are out in numbers in their attempt to prove that Ramayana, the tale of Maryada Purushottam Rama, reeks of misogyny.

Republic TV and Maharashtra govt lock horns in Supreme Court: CJI asks both to submit affidavits in 2 weeks

Arnab Goswami and the Maharashtra government are at loggerheads since Republic Bharat questioned the silence of Sonia Gandhi in Palghar Sadhus' mob lynching case.

‘China’s world domination is imminent and Europe should wake up to this danger’: Former German spy chief cautions against Beijing

Gerhard Schindler, the former German spy chief, has asked European countries, particularly Germany, to reduce its "strategic dependence" on China

‘What Mumbai Police is doing is wrong,’ I&B Minister Prakash Javadekar speaks up on the hounding of Republic TV and Arnab Goswami exclusively to...

Prakash Javadekar gave an interview to OpIndia Hindi Editor, Ajeet Bharti, where he answered questions on a host of issues.

Chile to rewrite its Pinochet-era constitution, over 78% of Chileans vote ‘yes’ in the referendum

Over 78% Chileans have voted in favour of a new constitution, to be written by an 155-member elected body.

Connect with us

245,563FansLike
468,958FollowersFollow
19,300SubscribersSubscribe